Shab E Qadr – Lailatul Qadr (The Night of Power)
Innaa anzalnaahu fee lailatil qadr, Wa maa adraaka ma lailatul qadr, Lailatul qadri khairum min alfee shahr, Tanaz zalul malaa-ikatu war roohu feeha bi izni-rab bihim min kulli amr, Salaamun hiya hattaa mat la’il fajr
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ
إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ
لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
Ramazan is a wellspring of mercy and blessings. It is a month of profuse worship and establishing Salaat and fasting and to busy oneself in Dhikr and Durud and Salaam.
A Momin (true believer) spends his/her days and nights is giving charity, obeying the orders of Allah Ta’ala and staying away from what is prohibited. In this month all Muslims become the very embodiments of virtue and goodness.
Indeed it is a blessing of Ramazan that it turns even sinners into habituated virtuous folk. It enrobes them with the garment of piety.
Ramazan is the month in which all arrangements are made to forgive the sins of the Ummah. Along with this the value of good deeds is also increased and their reward is increased. In this month such an auspicious night is granted to the worshippers, which is superior to 1000 months which is called “Shab Qadr”.
Shab Qadr/Lailatul Qadr is a night of greatness, excellence and blessings. This is the auspicious night when the Holy Quran was revealed. In this night, angels descend. In this night those who are busy in worship and remembrance of Allah Ta’ala are granted the reward of worshiping for 1000 months. Allah Ta’ala says in the Holy Quran:
Why Shab Qadr is called Shab Qadr/Lailatul Qadr
Why is this night called Shab Qadr? There are various reasons why it is called so.
1st reason: Qadr means greatness and dignity. It has been used in this sense in the following verse of the Holy Quran:
And they (the Jews) did not appreciate Allah with the just estimation that is His true measure. Surah An’aam (6:91)
Allama Abul Hasan Ali Bin Muhammad Khazin, (May Allah shower His mercy on him) the author of Tafseer Khazin says:
Translation: This night is called Shab Qadr because of its auspiciousness, majesty and grandeur over other nights. (Lubab Ut Taweel, Surah Qadr-1)
We get to know from this that this night is one of greatness and majesty that is why it is called Shab Qadr.
2nd reason: The way this night is one of auspiciousness and excellence, in the same way the good deeds done this night are also accepted and very excellent before Allah Ta’ala. Thus, the good deeds done this night are taken to the door of acceptance by the Momin. It is called “Lailatul Qadr” on this basis as well.
As given in Tafseer Khazin:
Translation: It is called “Qadr” that in this night because of ready acceptance by Allah Ta’ala, the good deeds done by the worshippers have much excellence. (Lubab Ut Taweel, Surah Qadr-1)
3rd reason: “Qadr” is also used in the sense of being constrained. It is used in the Holy Quran in this sense:
The affluent should spend (according to) his means. And whoever is provided sustenance scarcely, let him spend (on her maintenance) out of the provision which Allah has given him. Surah At Talaaq (65:7)
This does not mean that this night is a constrained night for the worshippers. In fact, this night angels descend to meet the worshippers of Allah Ta’ala and because of their presence the land is constrained. Thus, the author of Tafseer Khazin writes:
Translation: This night is called “Qadr” because the land becomes constrained because of the coming of angels. (Lubab Ut Taweel, Surah Qadr-1)
4th reason: Hadhrat Muhaddith-e-Deccan (May Allah shower His mercy on him) writes yet another reason for called this night as “Qadr”:
Translation: This (night) is called Qadr because the treasured book through the majestic Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) was revealed to the esteemed Ummah. For this reason, “Lailatul Qadr” has been mentioned in the Surah 3 times. (Fadhaail-e-Ramazan, Surah Qadr-1)
As given in Tafseer Qurtubi, Surah Qadr-1.
To value Shab Qadr and respect it is binding on every Muslim. One way being to truly realize the importance and greatness of Shab Qadr and the other way by busying oneself in worship, remembrance of Allah Ta’ala in this night, and by staying away from the forbidden things.
Those worshippers of Allah Ta’ala who value Shab Qadr will indeed be worthy of the outward and inward bounties of Allah Ta’ala and their good deeds will be worthy of acceptance by Allah Ta’ala.