Abu Huraira Narrated
The Prophet Mohammed ﷺ allowed the sale of the dates of the ‘Araya for ready dates by assessing the previous which should be estimated as less than five Awsuq or five Awsuq. (Dawud, the sub-narrator is not sure as to the right amount.) Sahih bukhari : Volume 3, Book 40, Number 568
Narrated by Rafi ‘bin Khadij and Sahl bin Al Hathma :
Allah’s Apostle Mohammed ﷺ forbade the sale of Muzabana, i.e. selling of fruits for fruits, except in the case of ‘Araya (from the direct exchange of one kind); he allowed the owners of ‘Araya such kind of sale. Sahih bukhari : Volume 3, Book 40, Number 569
(Muzabana means the selling of fresh dates (on the trees) for dried dates by measure and also the selling of fresh)
Sa‘id b. al-Musayyib said that Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) forbade the transaction of muzabana and muhaqala.
Muzabana means that fresh dates on the trees should be sold against dry dates.
Muhaqala implies that the wheat in the ear should be sold against the wheat and getting the land on rent for the wheat (produced in it).
He (the narrator) said that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) said; “Do not sell fresh fruits on the trees until their good condition becomes manifest, and do not sell fresh dates on the trees against dry dates. Salim said: ‘Abdullah informed me on the authority of Zaid b. Thabit. Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) having given concession afterwards in case of ‘arayya transaction by which dry dates can be exchanged with fresh dates, but he did not permit in other case.
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) having given exemption of ‘ariyya transactions measuring less than five wasqs or up to five wasqs (the narrator Dawud is in doubt whether it was five or less than five).
Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) having forbidden muzabana, and muzabana implies the selling of fresh dates for dry dates by measuring them out and the selling of raisins by measure for grapes.
Abdullah (b. ‘Umar) reported that Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) forbade muzabana, i.e. buying of fresh dates (on) the trees for dry dates by measure, and the buying of grapes for raisins by measure and the selling of field of corn for corn by measure.
Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported that Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) had forbidden muzabana, muhaqala, mukhabara, and the sale of fruits until their good condition becomes clear, and (he commanded) that (commodities) should not be sold but for the dinar and dirham except in case of ‘arayya. (islamicbanker.com)
Narrated by Zaid bin Khalid
A man went to Allah’s Apostle Mohammed ﷺ and got some information about Al-Luqata (a fallen thing). The Prophet said, “Recognize its container and its tying material and after that make an open declaration about it for one year and if its proprietor shows up, offer it to him; otherwise use it as you like.” The man said, “What about a lost camel?” The Prophet said, “It is for you, your sibling or the wolf.” The man said “What about a lost camel?” The Prophet said, “Why should you take it as it has got its water-container (its stomach) and its hooves and it can reach the places of water and can eat the trees till its owner finds it?” Sahih bukhari : Volume 3, Book 40, Number 560