The special prayers and worship of the 15th night of Sha’aban
It is narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Ibrahim (رضي الله عنه), he said that Hadhrat ‘Ali (May Allah be well pleased with him) said: I saw the Holy Prophet Mohammed ﷺ praying in the 15th night of Sha’aban. He (Mohammed ﷺ) offered 14 Raka’at of Salaat. Then after the Salaat, He sat and recited the Surah Fatiha 14 times, Surah Ikhlas 14 times, Surah Falaq 14 times, Surah Naas 14 times and the verse of the Throne (Aayatul Kursi) once and the last verse of Surah Tauba “La qad Jaa….”
When the Holy Prophet Mohammed ﷺ finished His Supplication. I asked the Holy Prophet Mohammed ﷺ about what I had seen. The Holy Prophet Mohammed ﷺ said: Whoever does like this the way you have seen, there is a reward of 20 Hajj and 20 years of fasting for that person. If that person fasts the next day, then there is a reward of 2 years of fasting, the year gone by and the coming year. (Shu’abul Iman, Hadith No: 3683)
The special prayers and Dua of this night are mentioned in the Hadith:
The author of Ruh al Bayan says:
Translation: It is mentioned in the Hadith:
Whoever offers 100 Raka’at in this night, Allah Most High sends 100 angels to that person. 30 of them give that person glad tidings of Jannah, 30 will remove the fear of hell from that person, 30 will remove the difficulties of this world from that person and 10 will protect that person from the machinations of Satan. (Ruh al Bayan, Vol. 8, Pg. No. 448)
Imam Ghazali (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) writes in Ihya Ul Uloom:
Offer 100 Raka’at in Shab Bara’at. Offer 2 Raka’at with one Salaam. In each Raka’at recite Surah Ikhlas 10 times after Surah Fatiha. (Ihya Ul Uloom, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 373, Ruh al Bayan, Vol. 8, Pg. No. 447)
It is mentioned in Ruh al Bayan:
If so desired, offer 10 Raka’at. In every Raka’at recite Surah Ikhlas after the Fatiha. Like the Salaat of Rajab, this Salaat is also narrated from the Holy Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam). The Pious Predecessors (Salf Saliheen) would offer this Salaat in the 15th night of Sha’abaan and called it Salaatul Khair. Sometimes, they would it offer congregationally (without specifically inviting people for it). (Ruh al Bayan, Vol. 8, Pg. No. 448)
Hadhrat Hasan Basri (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) says:
30 Companions told me that whoever offers this Salaat in that night, Allah Most High looks at that person with Mercy 70 times and with every look fulfils 70 needs of that person and the least among them is the forgiveness of sins.
The King of the Saints of Deccan, Hadhrat Banda Nawaz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) says in his book Jawami Ul Kalim:
There is a mention of offering Nafl n the 15th night of Sha’aban. Hadhrat Banda Nawaz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) said: It is written in Qut Al Qulub that in the sacred places of Makkah and Madina 400 to 500 people would gather and offer 100 Raka’at of Shab Bara’at.
And in this night, there is mention of reciting Surah Yaseen as well. (Jawami Ul Kalim, Pg. No. 169)