Requests and issues relating to Qaza (repetition) of missed Roza’s (Fasts)
There are three types of performing Qaza Roza’s.
1) If a man neglectfully eats or drinks something during the Roza then in such a case there’s no Qaza or expiation on it, regardless of whether it’s a Roza of Ramadan or not.
2) If a man in a condition of Roza, willingly eats or drinks, then on it; Qaza and Kaffara (expiation) is at risk.
3) And if a fasting individual in the holy month of Ramadan because of some sensible conditions, for example, iin journey or because of sickness, breaks the fast, then just Qaza will be at risk on him/her however not the Kaffara.
The request of Kaffara is just identified with the Roza’s of Ramadan and if someone breaks the Nafl Roza (Optional Fast) because of some reason then in such case there’s no appeasement obligated on Him/her. Just performing the Qaza is sufficient.
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) stated: No loaded soul can tolerate another’s load, (Surah Bani-Israel: 15)
B: That is, a man can’t keep a Roza or offer a Salaat (petition) in the interest of another. Which implies fasting or offering of Salaat by someone else on behalf of the one responsible, doesn’t drops the obligation liable on him/her.
Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) stated: (Fast) a specific number of days; and (for) him who is sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number of other days; (Surah Baqara: 184)
B: Journey here implies that the duration of someone’s journeys shouldn’t be less than three days. In this verse Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) gave concession to the sick persons and the travellers that if fasting leads to enlargement of their sickness or poses threat to their lives or one faces hardship and pain during the journey then during the period of his/her sickness or travel, one can perform Iftar (break fast by consuming some food) and except the Ayyam Manhiya (Non-fasting days) one can perform the Qaza of the missed Roza’s. Ayyam Manhiya are five, in which fasting is not permissible. That is the days of Eid’s (celebrations) and 11th, 12th and 13th days of the holy month of Zil Haj.
B: It is significant that regarding the Qaza Roza’s of Ramadan it is specified in the Hidayah that the person willing to perform Qaza has got the choice to hold fast with continuity or at different periods. But it is Mustahab (commendable) to perform the qaza of Ramadan Roza’s with continuity so that the obligation gets executed at earliest. If a person delayed so much in performing the qaza of them that the next Ramadan arrived, then it is necessary that such a person should perform the Fardh (mandatory) Roza’s of Ramadan initially and should not hold any qaza Roza in this holy month and soon after the departing of it should perform the qaza of the previously missed Roza’s and it is notable that, delayed performance of them doesn’t makes Fidya (penalty) as Wajib (Compulsory). Only executing them is sufficient enough.